Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) was an American author, editor and literary critic who is considered the originator of the short story as a specific genre with specific rules, one of these being that the story should be limited to “a certain unique or single effect”. Poe’s stories were a mixture of mystery, horror and realism, many of them examples of the Gothic (see Toolbox). He is also known for having created the modern detective story and he was a master of the psychological thriller where the focus is on the psychology of the killer. Some of his important works are “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” (1841) and the poem “The Raven” (1844). Poe and his works have been a great inspiration to many authors.