Learning check

1. “Say It!”

In groups of three:  The first student names a square – for example B2 – and the second student in the group has to perform the task contained in the square. After that, the second student names square and the third student has to perform the task. Continue until all the tasks have been performed. When you are given a task, talk for at least one minute. If the student who has to perform the task needs help, he or she can ask the other students for help.

 

            A

                       B

                   C

1

You are Travis. Do you shoot Eckels? Why/why not?

You are the Safari Company. What precautions do you take to minimize the effects of time safari on the past?

You are the Time Safari advertisements. What are you saying and what rhetorical “tricks” do you use?

2

You are Tyrannosaurus Rex.

What do you look like?

You are the time machine. What do you look like?

Mention the science fiction elements in “The Sound of Thunder”.

3

You are Deutscher. What is the difference between you and Keith?

You are Travis. What are the two theories of the consequences of messing with the past?

You are Eckles. Why are you on the safari? And how do you react when you see Tyrannosaurus Rex?

 

 

Learning check

2. Test check: mostly facts.

A+ B students sitting next to each other get different versions of the test. The same questions are asked but in different order so that it becomes difficult for students sitting next to each other to copy each other´s answers.

Student A. Test check. Mostly facts. No study aids.

Student’s name. ________________________________

 

 “A Sound of Thunder”

 

  1. Who is the author of the short story?

 

 

  1. What is the genre?

 

 

  1. What is the name of the main character?

 

 

  1. What is the name of the huge animal?

 

 

  1. When does the story take place?

 

 

  1. What sort of helmets do people on the safari wear?

 

 

  1. What is the name of the leader of the safari?

 

 

  1. At what point in time does the machine stop?

 

 

  1. What is a simile? A simile is a

 

 

  1. Mention two of the many similes that are used in the text.

 

 

  1. What is the theme of the short story?

 

 

  1. Translate into English: tage forholdsregler

 

 

  1. Translate into English: ubetydelige handlinger

 

i

  1. Translate into English: trygle

 

 

  1. Translate into English: umærkelig ændring

 

s

  1. Translate into English: opfindelse

 

 

  1. Who is president at the beginning of the text?

 

 

  1. Who is president at the end of the text?

 

 

  1. What is in the mud under the main character’s boots?

 

 

  1. Why doesn´t the main character shoot the large animal?

 

 

  1. What are the last six words of the story?

 

 

  1. How do they know which animal to shoot?

 

 

  1. Why does the main character want to go on the safari?

 

 

  1. What does the main character notice about the sign when they come back?

 

 

 

Student B. Test check. Mostly facts. No study aids.

Student’s name. ________________________________

 

 “A Sound of Thunder”

 

  1. What is in the mud under the main character’s boots?

 

 

 

  1. When does the story take place?

 

 

  1. What does the main character notice about the sign when they come back?

 

 

  1. Why does the main character want to go on the safari?

 

 

  1. What is the genre?

 

 

  1. What sort of helmets do people on the safari wear?

 

 

  1. What is the name of the leader of the safari?

 

 

  1. Translate into English: opfindelse

 

 

  1. What is a simile? A simile is a

 

 

  1. Who is president at the end of the text?

 

 

  1. What is the theme of the short story?

 

 

  1. Translate into English: tage forholdsregler

 

 

  1. What are the last six words of the story?

 

 

  1. Translate into English: trygle

 

 

  1. Translate into English: umærkelig ændring

s

 

  1. At what point in time does the machine stop?

 

 

  1. Who is president at the beginning of the text?

 

 

  1. Mention two of the many similes that are used in the text.

 

 

  1. Who is the author of the short story?

 

 

  1. Why doesn’t the main character shoot the large animal?

 

 

  1. Translate into English: ubetydelige handlinger

i

 

  1. How do they know which animal to shoot?

 

 

  1. What is the name of the huge animal?

 

 

  1. What is the name of the main character?

 

 

 

 

Learning check

3. Section rating.

a) Individually: Give each section a rating of 1-5 stars.

b) Matrix groups: Vertical Groups: discuss your ratings and try to reach agreement. Write down the group’s result and for each section give one reason for your rating. Horizontal groups: Read your previous groups´ ratings and reasons. Then try to reach consensus.

 

Text-related assignments

1. Summary.

Write a summary of the short story (100-150 words)  

Text-related assignments

2. Written assignment: translation.

Ray Bradbury mente, at science fiction er en vigtig genre, fordi det er her de vigtigste filosofiske og ideologiske emner for fremtiden diskuteres og tages alvorligt. Han mente også, at vi alle har ansvar for, hvorledes vor civilisation udvikler sig. Fahrenheit 451 handler om et totalitært samfund, hvor det er forbudt at læse bøger, da bøger bevidstgør mennesker om deres skæbne og giver dem håb om og mulighed for at ændre den. Romanen blev filmatiseret af den franske instruktør François Truffaut i 1966.

 

Wider contexts

1. Scientific context: the butterfly effect

a) Read the following text.

 

“The butterfly effect is a term used in Chaos Theory to describe how tiny variations can affect giant systems and complex systems, like weather patterns. The term butterfly effect was applied in Chaos Theory to suggest that the wing movements of a butterfly might have significant repercussions on wind strength and movements throughout the weather systems of the world, and theoretically, could cause tornadoes halfway around the world. […] The term ‘butterfly effect’ is attributed to Edward Norton Lorenz, a mathematician and meteorologist, who was one of the first proponents of Chaos Theory. Though he had been working on the theory for some ten years, with the principal question as to whether a seagulls’ wing movements changes the weather, he changed to the more poetic butterfly in 1973. A speech he delivered was titled, ‘Does the Flap of a Butterfly’s Wings in Brazil set off a Tornado in Texas.’(http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-butterfly-effect.htm) The theory was published eleven years after Bradbury’s story in 1963.”

 

b) Does knowledge of the butterfly effect enhance your understanding of Bradbury´s short story? Why/why not?

 

c) In his book The Way Things Are (1999), Roger McGough has written a poem called “Fatal Consequences” about the butterfly effect. Compare the authors’ attitudes to the butterfly effect.

 

Wider contexts

2. Period context: written assignment: the relevance of the story today.

In what ways may Bradbury’s short story be relevant for present-day problems? Write an essay of about 500 words

 

 

Wider contexts

3. Author’s view of his profession.

a) Judging from the story you have read, how do you think Bradbury feels about being a writer? Do you think he finds it:   fun    difficult   exhausting   painful    depressing   agonizing    exhilarating    interesting    terrifying?

 

b) Read the following two quotes by Bradbury and check if you chose the right words in a.  In an introduction to The Stories of Ray Bradbury (Alfred A. Knopf 1981) Bradbury writes about a fan letter he received at the age of thirty-three from a well-known art historian, B. Berenson, and continues,

   “I needed that approval. We all need someone higher, wiser, older to tell us we’re not crazy after all, that what we’re doing is all right. All right, hell, fine!

   But it is easy to doubt yourself, because you look around at a community of notions held by other writers, other intellectuals, and they make you blush with guilt. Writing is supposed to be difficult, agonizing, a dreadful exercise, a terrible occupation.

But, you see, my stories have led me through my life. They shout, I follow. They run up and bite me on the leg – I respond by writing down everything that goes on during that bite. When I finish, the idea lets go, and runs off.

That is the kind of life I’ve had. Drunk, and in charge of a bicycle, as an Irish police report once put it. Drunk with life, that is, and not knowing where off to next. But you’re on your way before dawn. And the trip? Exactly one half terror, exactly one half exhilaration.”

 

On the occasion of his 80th birthday, Bradbury said, “The great fun in my life has been getting up every morning and rushing to the typewriter because some new idea has hit me.” (www.raybradbury.com/bio)

 

c) If you did not choose the right words discuss your reasons for choosing the words you did. 

 

Wider contexts

4. Literary context: other text by the same author, “And There Will Come Soft Rains”.

Compare “The Sound of Thunder” and Bradbury’s short story “There Will Come Soft Rains”, which was published in The Martian Chronicles (1950) and reprinted in The Stories of Ray Bradbury (Alfred A. Knopf 1981)  

 

 

Wider contexts

5. Written assignment: genre: in groups, write a science fiction story taking your starting point in the draft chart (about 1000 words).

Before you start writing, fill in the draft chart for a science fiction story.        

Genre

The characteristics of a science fiction story are:

 

 

 

 

 

Recent scientific development

 New weapons, surveillance improvements etc.  Brainstorm and choose one and make a list of positive and negative consequences.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Setting

Time, place and situation in which the narrative is developed – the social, cultural and historical background.

 

 

 

Main characters

Flat or round, dynamic (undergo a change) or static (change very little, if at all).

 

 

 

 

Structure

Sequence of events, chronological or flashbacks or fragmented?

conflict – key episode

 

opening: in medias res or an introduction?

The first sentence of the story:

 

__________________________________________________

 

ending: open or closed?

The last sentence of the story:

 

__________________________________________________

 

Point of view

First-person narrator (reliable or unreliable) or third person narrator (omniscient or limited point of  view?)

 

Style

Simple or complex? Formal, informal or colloquial? Figurative language: metaphors, similes, symbols? If symbol, metaphor or simile, which?

 

 

 

 

Tone

Optimistic, cheerful, ironic, sad, pessimistic, matter-of-fact, menacing, etc.?

Message

What do you want to show concerning the scientific development you have chosen?