William Wordsworth

William Wordsworth (1770-1850) was born and grew up in the Lake District in northwest England. He lived in France during the early years of the French Revolution, but in 1799 he settled with his sister Dorothy at Grasmere. The natural beauty of this area was a major source of inspiration for Wordsworth throughout his life, and he is often characterized as the greatest of the Romantic “nature poets”. However, he was not interested in nature for its own sake, but nature as it affects the human mind and personality. In 1795 Wordsworth met Coleridge, another great writer of the Romantic period, and together they published Lyrical Ballads (1798) which is considered the foundation of English Romanticism. In 1800 a second edition of Lyrical Ballads was published. This edition contains Wordsworth’s “Preface” where he states their new poetic practice and the principles of the poems. Wordsworth’s major works are Lyrical Ballads, The Prelude (1798-1805) and Poems in Two Volumes (1807).