2. Vocabulary. Climate collocations.

Which word in the left column corresponds to which word in the right column?

ecological 

 

fossil

 

green

 

climate

 

greenhouse

 

ozone

 

natural

 

carbon

 

exhaust

 

sea

 

gases

 

balance

 

fumes

 

footprint

 

politics

 

change

 

fuels

 

layer

 

levels

 

disasters

 

 

 

3. Vocabulary. Match definitions and nouns and find the corresponding adjectives.

altruism – callousness – compassion - cynicism – detachment – indifference – inhumanity – professionalism – tactics – thoughtlessness

 

Definition

Noun

Adjective

A strong feeling of sympathy for people who are suffering and a desire to help them

 

c

 

A lack of interest in or reaction to somebody/ something

 

i

 

Cruel behaviour or treatment

 

 

 

The belief that people only do things to help themselves rather than for good or honest reasons

 

c

 

The high standard that you expect from a person who is well trained in a particular job

 

 

 

The fact of caring about the needs and happiness of other people more than your own

 

 

 

The state of not being involved in something in an emotional or personal way

 

 

 

The concept of not caring about the possible effects of your words or actions on other people

 

 

 

The fact of not caring about other people’ s feelings or sufferings

 

c

 

The particular method you use to change something

 

 

 

 

 

4. Vocabulary. Philosophical/abstract concepts relating to attitudes.

Go through the list, and for each word think of a (historical) person who, in your opinion, represents that concept. See if you can agree with others in the class on particular candidates for the various propositions.

 

ethics

1. moral principles that control or influence a person’s behaviour   

2. a system of moral principles or rules of behaviour 

3. the branch of philosophy that deals with moral principles

 

aesthetics

the branch of philosophy which studies the principles of beauty

 

human

1. of or connected with people

2. showing the weakness that is typical of people

3. having the same feelings and emotions as most ordinary people

 

humane

showing human kindness towards people or animals by making sure that they do not suffer more than necessary

 

humanism

a system of thought that considers solving human problems with the help of reason more important than religious beliefs. It emphasizes the fact that the basic nature of humans is good

 

humanitarian

concerned with reducing the suffering and improving the conditions that people live in

 

humanitarianism

the act of being humanitarian

 

humanity

1. people in general

2. the state of being a person rather than a god, an animal or a machine

3. the quality of being kind to people or animals by making sure that they do not suffer more than is necessary; the quality of being humane – see humane

 

the humanities

the subjects of study that are concerned with the way people think and behave, for example literature, language, history and philosophy

 

inhumanity

cruel behaviour or treatment; the fact of not having the usual qualities of kindness and pity: man’s inhumanity to man: the inhumanity of the system.