Introductory pages

General questions

2. Discuss the statements and complete the table

a) Individually: complete the following table. 

b)  In pairs/groups: discuss your answers and try to reach an agreement. 

 T = true, F = false, ? = undecided

 

T

F

?

We are natural mimics – we unconsciously mimic other people´s expressions, postures and voice tones.

 

 

 

Humans do not tend to go with their group, to think what it thinks and do what it does.

 

 

 

We are sensitive to social norms – understood rules for accepted and expected behaviour – because the price we pay for being different may be severe.

 

 

 

Western Europeans and people in most English-speaking countries tend to prize individualism more than conformity and obedience.

 

 

 

People will often be willing to call white black rather than disagree with a group.

 

 

 

We have become a nation of spectators – people who prefer to sit back and observe rather than a nation of doers.

 

 

 

Over the past decade, many of us have become passive and disengaged in our politics.

 

 

 

 

Vocabulary

2. Match antonyms

a) Match antonyms.

accept    approve     comply     obey     rebel                                       

disapprove     disobey     reject     resist     submit       

b) Turn all the words into nouns and translate the nouns into Danish.

Verb

Noun

Danish translation of noun

accept

approve

comply

obey

rebel

disapprove

disobey                                     

reject

resist

submit

Learning check

In pairs: Student A reads out the Danish nouns to student B, and student B, without looking at the task, has to come up with the English nouns. Then student B reads out the English verbs to student A,  and student A, without looking at the task, has to come up with the corresponding English nouns.

c) Match antonyms.  

empathy         engagement   individualism   majority       participation       

conformity     detachment    insensitivity    minority         passivity                             

 

Vocabulary

3. Match word and definition

Match word and definition. Write the matching word above the definition.

apa´thetic

word:

the practice of obeying rules or requests made by people in authority

dilemma

word:

a person who likes to make other people notice him or her

´empathy

word:

a difficult situation, often one in which you have to make a difficult choice between things of equal importance

exhi´bitionist

word:

showing no interest or enthusiasm

con´formity

word:

a person who enjoys observing the problems and private lives of others

com´pliance

word:

the ability to understand another person’s feelings and experiences

sub´missive

word:

behaviour and actions that follow the accepted rules of society

voyeur [vwai´ə:(r)]

word:

too willing to accept somebody else´s authority and willing to obey them without questioning anything they want you to do

Learning check

In pairs: students A reads out the definitions to student B, and without looking at the task, student B has to come up with the matching words. Student B then reads out the words to student A, and without looking at the task, student B has to come up with the definition of the words. 

 

Vocabulary

4. Create antonyms by adding prefixes to the adjectives

a) Create antonyms by adding prefixes to the following adjectives.

prefix

prefix

active

natural

approving

obedient

comfortable

patient

credible

pleasant

dependent

rational

different

reliable

ethical

responsible

equal

secure

famous

sympathetic

imaginative

usual

moral

 b) Which prefix is the most frequent in these examples? Is this prefix generally the most frequent one added to adjectives?

 

Learning check

Student A reads out the adjectives without a prefix to student B. Without looking at the task, student B has to come up with the words with a prefix. Student B then reads out the adjectives without a prefix to student A. Without looking at the task, student A has to come up with the words with a prefix.

 

Vocabulary

5. Word classes

a) Fill in the gaps. If there are words you don’t know, translate them into Danish.

Verb

Noun

Adjective

engage

obey

a’ssist

1.

2.

comfort

re’bel

1.

2.

observe

1.

2.

manipulate

1.

2.

entertain

1.

2.

signify

decide

submit

fascinate

excite

Learning check

Student A reads out the nouns to student B, and without looking at the task, student B has to come up with the corresponding adjectives. Student B then reads out the adjectives to student A, and without looking at the task, student A has to come up with the corresponding verbs.

b) Fill in the gaps and translate the nouns into Danish.

Noun

Adjective

Danish

passive

‘apathy

reluctant

indifference

morbid

impassive

voyeur

Learning check

Student A reads out the Danish nouns to student B, and without looking at the task, student B has to come up with the corresponding English nouns. Student B then reads out the Danish nouns to student A, and without looking at the task, student A has to come up with the corresponding English adjectives.

 

Post-reading

1. Learning check: Vocabulary

No study aids.

a) Find the word that matches the definition. The first letter of the word has been provided for you.

 

a

 

showing no interest or enthusiasm

 

c

behaviour and actions that follow the accepted rules of society

d

a difficult situation, often one in which you have to make a difficult choice between things of equal importance

s

too willing to accept somebody else´s authority and willing to obey them without questioning anything they want you to do

v

a person who enjoys observing the problems and private lives of others

e

the ability to understand another person´s feelings and experiences

e

a person who likes to make other people notice him or her

 

b) Use the words in italics to form a new word that fits in the gap.

 

1. Experiments on _________________________________________________________ and

 

______________________________________________________ reveal the power of social

 

influence.    conform/comply

 

2. We often do what other people do to avoid ____________________________________________ or

 

to gain social __________________________________________________________.      reject/approve

 

3. Reality television reduces people to passive _________________________________________ of

 

 other people’s nasty habits.  voyeuristic

 

c)

  1. Find four synonyms for the word spectators.

 

1. _________________________________________________________________________________

 

2. _________________________________________________________________________________

 

3. _________________________________________________________________________________

 

4. _________________________________________________________________________________

                                                        

  1. Find four synonyms for the word comply.

 

1. _________________________________________________________________________________

 

2. _________________________________________________________________________________

 

3. _________________________________________________________________________________

 

4. _________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

Post-reading

3. Learning check: Essay

Write about 400 words on the topic ‘Spectators’.  You have to use all the words checked in LEARNING CHECK Vocabulary 1 a and b and three words from c1. You may start like this: “Over the past decade, many of us have become passive and disengaged in our politics.” Or you may start like this: “Humans tend to go with their group, to think what it thinks and do what it does.”