Learning check

1. Vocabulary

No study aids

Translate the following words into English:

 

grufuld

 

 

lusket

 

 

morder

 

 

følsom

 

 

mulig

 

 

behagelig

 

 

truende

 

 

ulidelig

 

 

anspændt

 

 

forsigtig

 

 

mistænkelig

 

 

hemmelighedsfuld

 

 

 

Learning check

2. Memory

No study aids

 

 

a) When does the story take place?

 

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b) Where does the story take place? 

 

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c) What happened in October 1947? 

 

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d) What effect did it have on the community? 

 

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e) How do people in the story behave? 

 

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f) How is the button pressed? 

 

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Text-related assignments

1. Written assignment: how to write an essay

You are going to write a five paragraph essay about Another Community.

See Toolbox p. 334-337. Use about 800 words.

a) Individually, consider what you would write and put down some keywords. Analysis: setting (where and when?)– characters (who? How will you characterize them?)– plot (what?) –point of view (how?)  -– theme (why?)

b) Write the introduction.

c) Work in groups of three and read each introduction aloud. Discuss what kind of introduction it is – a gradual one or a ‘right on’ one with immediate impact? Has the theme been presented in a convincing way? Make sure that you only have one or two themes. Which of the introductions is the best and why? Sum up some good advice on introductions based on what you have heard and discussed.

d) Write your essay.

 

Text-related assignment

2. Written assignment: translation

Language and culture.

a) Translate the following text into English.

b) Comment on the idea that languages illustrate and shape people’s identity and culture. (Use about 100 words)

 

Det er slået fejl at lade hindi erstatte engelsk som officielt sprog, ligesom forsøg på at skabe et fælles skriftsprog er faldet til jorden. Flere forfattere har derfor valgt at bruge det engelske sprog til at fortælle indiske historier. Sidst i 1800- og først i 1900-tallet opdagede mange desuden vestens formelle modeller for litteratur og skabte realistiske romaner. Overordnet set karakteriserer dette den indo-engelske litteratur, der opstod under briternes herredømme.

 

Mange hævder, at R.K. Narayan (f. 1906) er en af de vigtigste forfattere inden for den indo-engelske tradition, som knytter vestlig formalisme og humanisme til indisk sensibilitet.

 

Efter Indiens selvstændighed i 1947 er der desuden fremkommet en farverig vifte af commonwealth-litteratur med berømte forfattere som Salman Rushdie samt Nobelprismodtager V.S. Naipaul. De hævder begge, at engelsk er et indisk litterært sprog ligesom hindi, bengali, urdu og tamilsk – og at sproget er med til at tegne nutidige inderes identitet og kultur og derfor skal bruges. Om man er enig eller ej, er det efterhånden en almindelig kendt sandhed, at den internationale anerkendelse af indisk litteratur startede, da Rushdie modtog Booker-prisen for romanen ’Midnatsbørn’ i 1981.

 

Wider contexts

1. Author’s comments: interview with R.K. Narayan

Read the following excerpt from an interview with R.K. Narayan in 1989. Did he succeed in his intentions in writing “Another Community”?

 

“Critics say that I don't talk of the aspirations of the people, of the political agony that we have gone through, and of all those plans for economic growth. I am not interested in that. I am interested in human characters and their background. That is important for me; I want a story to be entertaining, enjoyable, and illuminating in some way.”

 

Wider contexts

2. Literary contexts: other work by a different author

Read the poem "We and They" from 1926 by Rudyard Kipling and answer the questions below.

We and They

Father, Mother, and Me,
Sister and Auntie say
All the people like us are We,
And everyone else is They.
And They live over the sea
While we live over the way,
But—would you believe it?—They look upon We
As only a sort of They!

 

We eat pork and beef
With cow-horn-handled knives.
They who gobble Their rice off a leaf        gobble        sluge
Are horrified out of Their lives;
While They who live up a tree,
feast on grubs and clay,                             grub            larve
(Isn't it scandalous) look upon We
As a simply disgusting They!

 

We shoot birds with a gun.
They stick lions with spears.
Their full-dress is un-.
We dress up to Our ears.
They like Their friends for tea.
We like Our friends to stay;
And, after all that, They look upon We
As an utterly ignorant They!

 

We eat kitcheny food.
We have doors that latch.                                           latch       lukke med smæklås
They drink milk and blood
Under an open thatch.                                               thatch     stråtag
We have Doctors to fee.                                             to fee      at betale honorar
They have Wizards to pay.                 
And (impudent heathen!) They look upon We             ´impudent   uforskammet

As a quite impossible They!

 

All good people agree,
And all good people say,
All nice people, like Us, are We
And everyone else is They:
But if you cross over the sea,
Instead of over the way,
You may end by (think of it!) looking on We
As only a sort of They!

 

Questions:

a) Work in pairs and take turns reading aloud. Try various tones of voice.

b) Who do you think “we” represent and who are “they”?

c) List differences in lifestyle and culture.

d) Reread stanza 5 and try to decide what the message is.

e) Does this poem add to your understanding of “Another Community”?

 

 

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