George Orwell

George Orwell, the pen-name of Eric Arthur Blair (1903-1950), was an English author and journalist born in India and educated at Eton, a prestigious English boarding school. He worked in the Imperial Police in Burma (now Myanmar) from 1922-27, but was opposed to the concept of British Imperialism. He took part in the Spanish Civil War in 1936 on the Republican side to promote the idea of democracy in a Europe which at that time was strongly influenced by Fascism. His time in Burma led not only to the novel Burmese Days (1934), but also to the essays “A Hanging” (1931) and “Shooting an Elephant” (1959). He wrote several other novels of which the two best known are probably Animal Farm (1945) and 1984 (1949).