Introductory Pages

General questions

1. Quiz. What was the British Empire and how did it influence the world?

Find answers to the following questions on the internet. Work in groups and take 15 minutes. Discuss your answers in class and find out which group had most correct answers. You may find the links below useful.

  

  1. When was the British Empire most powerful?
  2. Find a map of the British Empire and mention at least 8 countries that were part of the British Empire.
  3. Explain the saying, “the sun never sets on the British Empire”.
  4. How was it possible for a fairly small country like Britain to gain dominion over so many countries?
  5. What was the purpose of the British Empire a) politically, b) economically and c) culturally?
  6. Why did Benjamin Disraëli, the British Prime Minister from 1874 to 1881 call India "the brightest jewel in the crown"?
  7. Name two advantages and two disadvantages for the colonies of being part of the British Empire during the Victorian age.
  8. When did most of Britain’s colonies become independent?
  9. Why did the British Empire decline?
  10. What imprint has Britain left on the countries she colonized?

  

http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/empire/intro/overview6.htm

 

http://www.britishempire.co.uk/

 

http://www.victorianweb.org/history/empire/Empire.html

 

General questions

3. Quotations

a)   Explain what the quotations below mean.

b)   Who said what? Find out the identity of the following people on the internet and match the originator (ophavsmand) with the quotation:

   

- Nicholas Bentley (1907-1978)

- Arundhati Roy (1961-)

- Lord Curzon (1859-1925)

- John Pilger (1939-)

- Lord Palmerston (1784-1865)

- Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)

  

“In the Empire we found not merely the key to glory and wealth, but the call to duty and the means of service to mankind.”

Name:

“It is the unshakeable sincerity of the Englishman’s belief in his own superiority which is at once the strength and the weakness of his race.”

Name:

“What difference does it make to the dead, the orphans, and the homeless, whether the mad destruction is wrought under the name of totalitarianism or the holy name of liberty and democracy?”

Name:

“The solution to domestic distress is in extension of foreign trade. We must look again to Africa, and we must look especially to India and China. The sun never sets on the interests of this country.” 

Name:

“Fifty years after independence, India is still struggling with the legacy of colonialism, still flinching from the ‘cultural insult’. As citizens we're still caught up in the business of ‘disproving’ the white world's definition of us.”

Name:

•                    “There are fundamentalists, Christian fundamentalists, who appear to be in charge of the White House at the moment, but they are very different from the Christian gentlemen who ran the British Empire and believed they were doing good works around the world. These days it's about naked power.”

Name:

 

 

 

c)  Choose the quotation which you find the most interesting, provoking, strange or to the point. Learn it by heart and walk around the class reciting it in a persuasive manner to three other students from your class.

 

Vocabulary

1. Match the words and explanations

Write the matching word above the explanation.

 

empire

word:

the act of travelling to an unknown place to learn about it

mercantile

word:

the use of somebody or something for one’s own advantage or profit

exploration

word:

a group of countries with a single ruler or ruling power

acquisition

word:

independence or freedom

territory

word:

the state of being or feeling better, higher in rank or position than something or somebody else

possession

word:

relating to merchants

independence

word:

the state of having, owning or controlling something

autonomy

word:

any large area of land

superiority

word:

the state of not being ruled by another nation

exploitation

word:

something you get or take that becomes your own

 

  

Learning check: Pairs: Student A reads out the definitions to student B, and without looking at the task student B has to come up with the matching words. Then student B reads out the words to student A, and without looking at the task student A has to come up with the definition of the words.

 

Vocabulary

2. Fill in the gaps

Noun

Adjective

Verb

 

 

explore

 

 

exploitative

 

 

empire

 

 

-

 

 

 

expand

 

colony

 

 

 

 

valuable

 

 

 

acquisitive

 

 

 

 

possess

 

 

Learning check

Pairs: Student A reads out the nouns to student B, and without looking at the task student B has to come up with the corresponding adjectives. Then student B reads out the adjectives to student A, and without looking at the task student A has to come up with the corresponding verb. Swap tasks.

 

Post-reading

Learning check

Vocabulary

No study aids

 

Translate the following words into Danish:

 

mercantile

 

 

 

exploration

 

 

 

acquisition

 

 

 

superiority

 

 

 

exploitation

 

 

 

autonomy

 

 

 

possession