Rudyard Kipling

Rudyard Kipling (1865-1935) was a British journalist and author. He was born in India and sent to boarding school in England when he was 6 years old. After having finished his education, he returned to India, and a lot of his work is concerned with aspects of Indian life and praises the British Empire. Among his most famous works are Plain Tales from the Hills (1888), The Jungle Book (1894) and Kim (1901). Kipling received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1907. Kipling was extremely popular in his time, but since then his reputation has been affected by the political changes in the attitude to imperialism. In the poem “The White Man’s Burden” (1899) Kipling reflects on the white man’s responsibility; western civilization as a safeguard against anarchy and ignorance.